Illustration(s) pertain to the topic addressed in this publication, not the specific research or data presented in the publication

Infection control and changing health-care delivery systems

Abstract

In the past, health care was delivered mainly in acute-care facilities. Today, health care is delivered in hospital, outpatient, transitional care, long-term care, rehabilitative care, home, and private office settings. Measures to reduce health-care costs include decreasing the number of hospitals and the length of patient stays, increasing outpatient and home care, and increasing long-term care for the elderly.… Read more

Illustration(s) pertain to the topic addressed in this publication, not the specific research or data presented in the publication

Building communication networks: international network for the study and prevention of emerging antimicrobial resistance

Abstract

The global nature of antimicrobial resistance and the failure to control the emergence of resistant organisms demand the implementation of a global surveillance program involving both developed and developing countries. Because of the urgent need for infection control interventions and for rapid distribution of information about emerging organisms, we initiated the International Network for the Study and Prevention of Emerging Antimicrobial Resistance (INSPEAR).… Read more

Illustration(s) pertain to the topic addressed in this publication, not the specific research or data presented in the publication

Colonization of skilled-care facility residents with antimicrobial-resistant pathogens

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency of and risk factors for colonization of skilled-care unit residents by several antimicrobial-resistant bacterial species, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), vancomycin-resistant enterococcus (VRE), or extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing (ESBL-producing) (ceftazidime resistant) Klebsiella pneumoniae or Escherichia coli.

DESIGN: Point-prevalence survey and medical record review.… Read more

Illustration(s) pertain to the topic addressed in this publication, not the specific research or data presented in the publication

Reality check: should we use vancomycin for the prophylaxis of intravascular catheter-associated infections?

Abstract

The use of intravascular catheters is associated with increased risk of bloodstream infections, principally caused by coagulase-negative staphylococci. This “Reality Check” session, held at the 4th Decennial International Conference on Nosocomial and Healthcare-Associated Infections, focused on the question of whether, and in what manner, vancomycin should be used for the prophylaxis of these infections

Grohskopf LA, Maki DG, Sohn AH, Sinkowitz-Cochran RL, Jarvis WR, Goldmann DA

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2001 Mar;22(3):176-9

PMID: 11310698

Reality check: should we use vancomycin for the prophylaxis of intravascular catheter-associated infections?… Read more
Illustration(s) pertain to the topic addressed in this publication, not the specific research or data presented in the publication

Modulation of CD8 and CD3 by HIV or HIV antigens

Abstract

To investigate whether human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 and HIV-1 antigens modulate surface and cytoplasmic CD8 or CD3, as well as CD4, we used cell permeabilization reagents, surface/cytoplasmic fluorescent staining, multiparameter flow cytometric techniques and an in vitro culture system in which relatively few lymphocytes are actively infected with HIV.… Read more