Illustration(s) pertain to the topic addressed in this publication, not the specific research or data presented in the publication

A multicenter evaluation of tuberculin skin test positivity and conversion among health care workers in Brazilian hospitals

Abstract

SETTING: Four general Brazilian hospitals.

OBJECTIVE: To assess the occupational risk of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) in participating hospitals.

DESIGN: In phase one of this longitudinal study, a cross-sectional survey documented baseline tuberculin skin test (TST) positivity rates. In phase two, TST conversion rates were evaluated in participants with an initial negative two-step TST.… Read more

Illustration(s) pertain to the topic addressed in this publication, not the specific research or data presented in the publication

Use of antimicrobial agents in United States neonatal and pediatric intensive care patients

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Antimicrobial use contributes to the development of emergence and dissemination of antimicrobial-resistant bacteria among intensive care unit (ICU) patients. There are few published data on antimicrobial use in neonatal (NICU) and pediatric ICU (PICU) patients.

METHODS: Personnel at 31 Pediatric Prevention Network hospitals participated in point prevalence surveys on August 4, 1999 (summer) and February 8, 2000 (winter).… Read more

Illustration(s) pertain to the topic addressed in this publication, not the specific research or data presented in the publication

Has methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus stopped spreading in intensive care units?

Abstract

Muto CA, Farr BM, Jarvis WR

Clin. Infect. Dis. 2005 Jul;41(2):269-70; author reply 270-1

PMID: 15983929

Has methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus stopped spreading in intensive care units? was last modified: September 28th, 2015 by Muto CA, Farr BM, Jarvis WR… Read more
Illustration(s) pertain to the topic addressed in this publication, not the specific research or data presented in the publication

TST reversion in a BCG-revaccinated population of nursing and medical students, São Paulo, Brazil, 1997-2000

Abstract

SETTING: A major university in São Paulo, Brazil, where vaccination against tuberculosis (TB) with bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) was routinely offered to first-year medical and nursing students.

OBJECTIVES: To estimate the probability of negative tuberculin skin test (TST) results over a 4-year period following BCG revaccination, and to evaluate the effect of factors associated with reversion.… Read more

Illustration(s) pertain to the topic addressed in this publication, not the specific research or data presented in the publication

Neonatal sepsis in Egypt associated with bacterial contamination of glucose-containing intravenous fluids

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Rates of sepsis exceeding 50% in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in Cairo, Egypt, were not controlled by routine antimicrobial therapy. We investigated these conditions in September 2001.

METHODS: Case series and retrospective cohort studies were conducted on 2 groups of NICU infants admitted to an academic medical center between February 12 and July 31, 2001.… Read more

Illustration(s) pertain to the topic addressed in this publication, not the specific research or data presented in the publication

Saline-filled breast implant contamination with Curvularia species among women who underwent cosmetic breast augmentation

Abstract

BACKGROUND: During December 2000-July 2001, black sediment was noted in saline-filled silicone breast implants of women who had undergone revision surgery at facility A. Curvularia fungus was isolated from implant saline.

METHODS: To identify risk factors for contamination with Curvularia species, we performed case-control, retrospective cohort, and laboratory studies and conducted procedural reviews.… Read more