The biochemical profiles obtained with Staph-Ident (Analytab Products, Plainview, N.Y.) panels were combined with the results of adherence and synergistic hemolysis tests to define biotypes among 1,064 clinical isolates representing eight species of coagulase-negative staphylococci. The 672 isolates of Staphylococcus epidermidis were aligned in 69 of 144 potential biotypes in our scheme because of 18 different biochemical profiles and the eight physiologic subtypes. Isolates of most other species were in fewer biotypes because of more uniform adherence and synergistic hemolysis data, as well as fewer biochemical profiles. Since adherence and synergistic hemolysis may prove to be related to virulence and pathogenicity, biotyping with these test results would help evaluate the reliability of adherence and synergistic hemolysis as possible indices of the clinical significance of some of these organisms. When the antimicrobial susceptibility and plasmid profiles obtained on two clusters of S. epidermidis isolates were compared with the biotyping results, one cluster was not further differentiated by plasmid profiles, but was by antimicrobial profiles; the other cluster with only two biotypes was further divided into five distinct types by plasmid profiles but was not separated at all by antimicrobial profiles.
Hébert GA, Cooksey RC, Clark NC, Hill BC, Jarvis WR, Thornsberry C
J. Clin. Microbiol. 1988 Oct;26(10):1950-6