Cytokine concentrations in plasma from patients transfused with packed erythrocytes contaminated with gram-negative bacilli were measured. Cytokine concentrations in posttransfusion plasma were significantly elevated. A difference in cytokine patterns between survivors and a nonsurvivor was observed.
McAllister SK, Bland LA, Arduino MJ, Aguero SM, Wenger PN, Jarvis WR
Infect. Immun. 1994 May;62(5):2126-8